Novikov Mykola Vasyliovych (also Novikov; April 10, 1932) — d. April 7, 2017) — Ukrainian scientist in the field of materials science and strength of materials, doctor of technical sciences (1975), professor (1977), academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1995), Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine (1991), laureate of State awards in the field of Science and Technology of the Ukrainian SSR, and Ukraine (1974, 1981, 1996).
Born on April 10, 1932 in Kyiv. He began his career in 1954 after graduating with honors from the mechanical faculty of the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute. Even then, along with studying at a graduate school, he was engaged in teaching work. Working (since 1957) at the Institute of Metal-Ceramics and Special Alloys of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (now the I. M. Frantsevich Institute of Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine), he defended his candidate's thesis, which was devoted to the topical problem of increasing the durability of turbo blades due to the damping ability of metals in longitudinal torsional vibrations at high temperatures. The results of the scientist's research were accepted for implementation by turbo-building enterprises.
He was repeatedly elected a member of the International Association for the Development of Research in the Field of High Pressures, a member of the Advisory Committee for the Project of Scientific and Technological Excellence in the Field of Ultrahigh Pressure and Temperature (Japan). He was a member of the presidium of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Scientific Council of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR for physics and high-pressure technology, the deputy chairman of the commission for space research of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, a member of the commission for scientific and technical progress of the Presidium of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, a member of the National Council of Ukraine for Science and Technology etc. Currently, the scientist is a member of the Bureau of the Department of Physical and Technical Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and a member of the coordinating council for the priority direction of the development of science and technology of Ukraine "New substances and materials", the head of the Scientific Council "High Pressures in Materials Science" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the head of the "Mechanical Engineering and Transport" section » Committee on State Awards of Ukraine in the field of science and technology, member of the presidium of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine and the Council of the Kyiv Chamber of Commerce and Industry, member of the International Society of Materials Scientists (ASM International).
He died on April 7, 2017. He was buried on April 10 in the city of Kyiv.
The scientific merits of M. V. Novikov were three times recognized by the State prizes in the field of science and technology of the Ukrainian SSR, and Ukraine (1974, 1981, 1996), he is a laureate of academic prizes named after E. O. Paton (1983), named after I. M. Frantsevich (1996) and named after H. V. Karpenko (2016). The institution managed by M. V. Novikov has been awarded a number of international prizes. These are, in particular, the "Golden Mercury" (1982, Addis Ababa), the "Golden Star—Arch of Europe" sign, "Odyssey" of the International Academy "CONTENANT", "Gold Medal of SPI" of the International Association for the Promotion of National Industry (France), etc.
For his significant contribution to the development of science, Mykola Vasyliovych was awarded the award of the President of Ukraine — the Order of Merit III degree (1998) and four other orders, many medals, and badges of honor. He was also awarded the golden order "Kyril and Methodius" (1985, Bulgaria), the order of Nicholas the Wonderworker of the International Foundation "For the Multiplication of Good on Earth" (1998), medals of a number of countries.